Summary of Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine

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Release time:2023-09-25 15:41

Summary of Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine


Common Cold


Wind-Cold Syndrome: Dispelling cold and releasing the exterior - Jing Fang Bai Du San

Wind-Heat Syndrome: Dispelling heat and releasing the exterior - Yin Qiao San, Cong Chi Ju Geng Tang

Summer Dampness Syndrome: Clearing summer-heat and dampness, releasing the exterior - Xin Jia Xiang Ru Yin

Qi Deficiency Cold: Tonifying qi and releasing the exterior - Shen Su Yin

Yin Deficiency Cold: Nourishing yin and releasing the exterior - Modified Wei Ru Tang

When the Four Seasons' winds invade, causing cough, headache, and runny nose, with chills, fever, and discomfort, treat based on the exterior and interior conditions. For Wind-Cold and Wind-Heat, use Jing Fang and Yin Qiao. For Summer Dampness, use Xin Jia Xiang Ru Yin. For Qi Deficiency, use Shen Su Yin. For Yin Deficiency, modify Wei Ru Tang.


Cough


Wind-Cold Invading Lungs: Dispel wind, scatter cold, stop coughing - San Ao Tang, Zhi Ke San

Wind-Heat Invading Lungs: Dispel wind, clear heat, transform phlegm - Sang Ju Yin

Wind-Dryness Damaging Lungs: Dispel wind, clear lungs, moisten lungs, stop coughing - Sang Xing Tang

Phlegm-Dampness Obstructing Lungs: Strengthen spleen, dry dampness, transform phlegm, stop coughing - Er Chen Tang, San Zi Yang Qin Tang

Phlegm-Heat Disturbing Lungs: Clear heat, transform phlegm, soothe lungs - Qing Jin Hua Tan Tang

Liver Fire Attacking Lungs: Clear lungs, soothe liver, regulate qi, extinguish fire - Xie Bai San combined with Dai Ge San

Lung Yin Deficiency: Nourish yin, moisten lungs, stop coughing - Sha Shen Mai Dong Tang

Cough can result from external or internal factors. Wind-Cold and Wind-Heat syndromes are treated with San Ao Tang and Sang Ju Yin, respectively. Modify prescriptions for underlying conditions like Qi Deficiency, Phlegm-Heat, Liver Fire, and Lung Yin Deficiency.


Lung Abscess


Initial Stage: Clear lungs and release the exterior - Yin Qiao San

Mature Stage: Clear lungs, disperse stasis, resolve abscess - Qian Jin Wei Jing Tang, Ru Jin Jie Du San

Abscess Rupture Stage: Detoxify and promote suppuration - Modified Ju Geng Tang

Recovery Stage: Nourish yin, tonify lungs - Sha Shen Qing Fei Tang, Ju Geng Xing Ren Jian

Lung abscess involves the formation of pus within the lungs, often caused by pathogens. Treatments vary depending on the stage: initial, mature, abscess rupture, and recovery. Adjust the prescription accordingly.


Asthma


Acute Stage

Cold Asthma: Warm the lungs, dispel cold, transform phlegm, relieve wheezing - She Gan Ma Huang Tang

Hot Asthma: Clear heat, open the lungs, transform phlegm, relieve wheezing - Ding Chuan Tang

Remission Stage

Lung Qi Deficiency: Tonify lungs, consolidate the exterior - Yu Ping Feng San

Spleen Deficiency: Strengthen the spleen, transform phlegm - Liu Jun Zi Tang

Kidney Deficiency: Tonify kidneys, restrain sodium - Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan, Qi Wei Du Qi Wan

Asthma presents in two stages: acute and remission. Cold Asthma is treated with She Gan Ma Huang Tang, while Hot Asthma is addressed with Ding Chuan Tang. In the remission stage, focus on underlying deficiencies, such as Lung Qi Deficiency, Spleen Deficiency, or Kidney Deficiency.


Wheezing


Excess Wheezing

Wind-Cold Invading Lungs: Dispel wind, clear lungs - Ma Huang Tang

Exterior Cold, Interior Heat: Dispel wind, resolve heat, open the lungs - Ma Xing Shi Gan Tang

Phlegm-Heat Blocking Lungs: Clear heat, resolve phlegm - Sang Bai Pi Tang

Phlegm Obstruction: Transform phlegm, descend qi - Er Chen Tang combined with San Zi Yang Qin Tang

Deficient Wheezing

Lung Qi Deficiency: Tonify lungs, boost qi, nourish yin - Sheng Mai San combined with Bu Fei Tang

Kidney Deficiency: Tonify kidneys, nourish qi - Jin Gui Shen Qi Wan

Wheezing can result from excess or deficiency. Excess wheezing is associated with Wind-Cold, Exterior Cold with Interior Heat, Phlegm-Heat, or Phlegm Obstruction. Deficient wheezing arises from Lung Qi Deficiency or Kidney Deficiency.


Lung Distension


Lung and Kidney Qi Deficiency: Tonify lungs, nourish kidneys, descend qi, relieve wheezing - Ping Chuan Gu Ben Tang, Bu Fei Tang

Yang Deficiency with Water Accumulation: Warm kidneys, strengthen spleen, eliminate dampness, alleviate wheezing - Zhen Wu Tang combined with Wu Ling San

Phlegm Obstruction: Dissolve phlegm, open orifices, extinguish wind - Di Tan Tang

Lung distension often occurs in the elderly, causing persistent cough and wheezing. Treatments depend on the underlying pattern: Lung and Kidney Qi Deficiency, Yang Deficiency with Water Accumulation, or Phlegm Obstruction.


Pulmonary Tuberculosis (Lung Atrophy)


Lung Yin Deficiency: Nourish yin, moisten lungs - Yue Hua Wan

Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire - Bai He Gu Jin Wan combined with Qin Jiao Bie Jia San

Qi and Yin Deficiency: Tonify qi, nourish yin - Bao Zhen Tang

Yin and Yang Deficiency: Nourish yin, boost yang - Bu Tian Da Zao Wan

Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease characterized by cough, bloody sputum, weakness, fever, and night sweats. Treatment depends on patterns such as Lung Yin Deficiency, Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire, Qi and Yin Deficiency, and Yin and Yang Deficiency.


Phlegm Retention


Spleen Yang Deficiency: Warm the spleen, transform phlegm - Ling Gui Zhu Gan Tang combined with Xiao Ban Xia Jia Fu Ling Tang

Phlegm Stagnation in the Stomach and Intestines: Purge downward, disperse phlegm - Gan Sui Ban Xia Tang combined with Shi Zao Tang

Phlegm in the Upper Jiao

Invasion of Evil Qi in the Chest and Lungs: Harmonize and disperse - Chai Zhi Ban Xia Tang

Phlegm Blocking the Upper Burner: Expel phlegm, open the orifices - Shi Chang Pu Ban Xia Bai Jiu Tang

Phlegm Dissipating in the Chest

Qi Stagnation and Phlegm Obstruction: Promote qi flow, resolve phlegm - Ban Xia Hou Po Tang

Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire - Bai He Gu Jin Wan combined with Qin Jiao Bie Jia San

Phlegm retention can occur due to spleen deficiency, phlegm stagnation in the digestive system, or phlegm accumulation in the upper or middle burner. Treat according to the specific pattern.


Urinary Blood


Excessive Heat in the Lower Burner: Clear heat, stop bleeding - Xiao Ji Yin Zi

Kidney Yin Deficiency with Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire, stop bleeding - Zhi Bai Di Huang Wan

Spleen Fails to Control Blood: Tonify spleen, regulate blood - Gui Pi Tang

Unstable Kidney Qi: Tonify kidney, secure blood - Wu Wei Xiao Du Yin

Urinary blood can result from various factors, such as heat in the lower burner, kidney yin deficiency with fire, spleen dysfunction, or unstable kidney qi. Tailor the treatment accordingly.


Insomnia


Excess Patterns

Liver Qi Stagnation: Soothe liver, clear heat, calm spirit - Chai Hu Jia Long Gu Mu Li Tang

Phlegm-Heat Disturbing the Heart: Clear heat, transform phlegm, harmonize the stomach - Wen Dan Tang

Deficiency Patterns

Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire, calm spirit - Huang Lian E Jiao Tang, Zhu Sha An Shen Wan

Heart-Spleen Deficiency: Strengthen spleen, nourish heart, supplement qi and blood - Gui Pi Tang

Heart-Gallbladder Qi Deficiency: Tonify qi, calm spirit, stabilize willpower - An Shen Ding Zhi Wan

Insomnia can be caused by excess or deficiency patterns. Excess patterns may involve Liver Qi Stagnation or Phlegm-Heat, while deficiency patterns may include Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire, Heart-Spleen Deficiency, or Heart-Gallbladder Qi Deficiency.


Convulsions and Mania

Phlegm and Qi Stagnation: Regulate qi, resolve phlegm, clear orifices - Shun Qi Dao Tan Tang

Heart-Spleen Deficiency: Strengthen spleen, nourish heart, boost qi, calm spirit - Yang Xin Tang

Phlegm-Fire Agitating the Heart: Calm the heart, clear phlegm, relieve fire - Sheng Tie Lu Wan

Yin Deficiency with Excessive Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire, calm spirit - Huang Lian E Jiao Tang, Zhu Sha An Shen Wan

Convulsions and mania can result from various causes, such as phlegm and qi stagnation, heart-spleen deficiency, phlegm-fire agitation, or yin deficiency with excessive fire. Treatment should be tailored to the specific pattern.


Chest Bi Syndrome (Chest Obstruction)

Blood Stasis in the Heart: Activate blood circulation, remove stasis, unblock meridians - Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang

Phlegm Obstruction: Transform phlegm, open orifices, extinguish wind - Gui Lou Shui Yu Tang

Yin and Yang Deficiency: Nourish yin, boost yang - Bu Tian Da Zao Wan

Chest bi syndrome is characterized by chest pain and discomfort. It can be caused by blood stasis, phlegm obstruction, or yin and yang deficiency. Treat accordingly.


Depression

Excess Patterns

Liver Qi Stagnation: Soothe liver, resolve stagnation, promote qi circulation - Chai Hu Jia Long Gu Mu Li Tang

Liver Fire Disturbing the Stomach: Clear liver fire, harmonize the stomach - Dan Zhi Xiao Yao San

Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis: Promote qi flow, activate blood, regulate emotions - Xue Fu Zhu Yu Tang combined with Xiao Yao San

Deficiency Patterns

Heart and Spleen Deficiency: Strengthen the heart and spleen, nourish qi, calm the mind - Gui Pi Tang

Yin Deficiency with Fire: Nourish yin, clear fire, calm the spirit - Huang Lian E Jiao Tang, Zhu Sha An Shen Wan

Depression can be due to excess patterns involving Liver Qi Stagnation, Liver Fire, or Qi Stagnation with Blood Stasis. Deficiency patterns may include Heart and Spleen Deficiency or Yin Deficiency with Fire.


Syncope (Fainting)

Qi Syncope

Excess Patterns: Regulate qi flow, relieve stagnation - Wu Mo Yin Zi

Deficiency Patterns: Tonify qi, restore yang - Si Wei Da Bu Tang

Blood Syncope

Excess Patterns: Activate blood circulation, resolve stagnation - Tong Xuan Li Fei Tang

Deficiency Patterns: Nourish qi and blood - Du Shen Tang

Phlegm Syncope: Promote qi flow, resolve phlegm - Dao Tan Tang

Fire Agitation: Clear heat, calm the mind - Qing Xin Liao Xiang San

Syncope can occur due to various factors, including qi deficiency, blood stasis, phlegm, or fire agitation. Treat according to the specific pattern.


Please note that these translations are based on the original Chinese text provided, and Chinese medicine terminologies may vary. It's essential to consult a qualified traditional Chinese medicine practitioner for accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment recommendations.


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